Dengue is one of the most painful diseases of the present time. On the one hand, the fever becomes weak and on the other hand, the rash stays in the body for a long time. However, dengue is not a deadly disease. It is possible to get rid of it completely by resting and following the rules.
What is dengue fever and how does it spread?
Dengue fever is caused by the dengue virus and is carried by mosquito bites called Aedes aegypti. If a person is bitten by a mosquito carrying dengue fever, that person gets dengue fever in 4 to 7 days. This time, if an infected person is bitten by a sterile Aedes mosquito, that mosquito also becomes a dengue-carrying mosquito. In this way dengue is spread from one person to another through mosquitoes.
There are two main types of dengue, classical dengue fever and dengue hemorrhagic fever.
When and who gets dengue fever more
Outbreaks appear to be exacerbated during May to September, especially during hot and rainy seasons. It goes without saying that this fever does not occur in winter. In winter, dengue mosquitoes can survive for many days in the larval stage. At the beginning of the monsoon, new mosquitoes carrying the dengue virus spread from them.
The prevalence of this mosquito is usually higher in elite areas of urban areas, where large buildings are located, so dengue fever is also more prevalent in the residents of this area. People living in slums or villages have less or no dengue.
There are 4 types of dengue virus. So dengue fever can be 4 times. People who have had dengue fever before have a higher risk of developing dengue later in life. It is more common in children.
Symptoms of dengue fever
Classical dengue fever is usually accompanied by high fever and severe body aches. The fever lasts up to 105 Fahrenheit. There is severe pain in the body, especially in the bones, hips, back, joints and muscles. There are also headaches and pain in the back of the eyes. Many times the pain is so intense that it feels like the bones are breaking. So another name for this fever is “Break Sister Fever”.
During 4 or 5 days of fever, red rashes appear all over the body, which is called skin rash, much like allergies or itching. It can cause nausea, even vomiting. The patient becomes excessively tired and appetite decreases. Usually the fever goes away after 4 or 5 days and in some patients the fever comes back after 2 or 3 days. This is called “bisexual fever”.
Dengue hemorrhagic fever
This situation is the most complicated. In addition to the signs and symptoms of classical dengue fever, the other problems that occur in this fever are-
Bleeding starts from different parts of the body, such as under the skin, through the nose and mouth, from the gums and teeth, with phlegm, hemorrhage, fresh blood or black stools with stools, in and out of the eyes, premature menstruation or bleeding in women Bleeding for a long time, etc.
This disease can often cause chest water, stomach water, etc. Complications of jaundice, kidney failure and renal failure can occur in many cases.
Dengue shock syndrome
The worst form of dengue fever is dengue shock syndrome. Dengue shock syndrome is caused by circulatory failure with dengue hemorrhagic fever. The symptoms are-
Sudden drop in blood pressure.
The pulse is extremely weak and fast.
The hands, feet and other parts of the body become cold.
Suddenly the patient may lose consciousness. It can even lead to death.
When to see a doctor
There is no specific treatment for dengue fever. However, this fever usually gets better on its own. So general treatment according to the symptoms is enough. However, in some cases it is better to consult a doctor.
If bleeding from any part of the body.
When platelet levels decrease.
Water is actually in case of shortness of breath or bloating.
If the amount of urine decreases.
If jaundice occurs.
In case of excessive fatigue or weakness.
If you have severe abdominal pain or vomiting.
What should be tested
In fact, in most cases, dengue fever does not require much testing, it is a waste of money.
Dengue antibody tests can be done after 5 or 6 days. Although this test helps in diagnosing the disease, it has no role in the treatment of the disease. There is no problem without doing this test, it is just a waste of money.
Abdominal ultrasonogram, chest x-ray etc. can also be done if necessary.
What to do to treat dengue fever
Most patients with dengue fever usually recover on their own within 5 to 10 days, even without any treatment. However, the patient must follow the advice of a doctor, so that there are no serious complications caused by dengue. Dengue fever is actually a confusing disease, in most cases it has to be treated according to the symptoms.
You have to rest until you are completely well.
Adequate amount of water, sherbet, coconut water and other liquid foods should be taken.
If you can’t eat, saline can be given intravenously if needed.
Paracetamol alone is sufficient to reduce fever. Aspirin or diclofenac painkillers should never be taken. This will increase the risk of bleeding.
Wipe the body with a wet cloth to reduce the fever.
How to prevent dengue fever
The key to preventing dengue fever is to prevent the spread of the Aedes mosquito and to prevent it from biting. Remember, Aedes is a polite mosquito, a big sun in elite areas